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Matchplay

Matchplay is an exciting form of archery developed by World Archery to create an event which is appealing to the Media and spectator-friendly.

Matchplay is the event that is used for most international competitions, such as World Target (Open and Youth), World Field and World Indoor Championships including Individual, Team and Mixed Team events.

Qualification round

Matchplay competition first commences with a Qualification or Ranking Round.

Outdoor Target Archery

Recurve

At World Championships and World Youth Championships, for the qualification, round recurve competitors currently shoot a World Archery 144 arrow round.

During the qualification round, athletes shoot 36 arrows at each of the following distances:     

Men: 90, 70, 50 and 30 metres

Women: 70, 60, 50 and 30 metres

This equates to a total of 144 arrows and a possible score of 1440 points. This round is usually shot in one day.

At the 2 longer distances (90m and 70m for men, 70m and 60m for women), each archer will shoot each end of 6 arrows (36 in total) on a 122cm face. At the shorter distances (50m and 30m), each archer will shoot also shoot 6 arrow ends, but on an 80cm face (six ring) target face.

For World Cups, Olympic Games and other tournaments, the qualifying round is usually the 70/720 Ranking Round, which is 72 arrows at 70m.  

NOTE - From 1 January 2014 the WA 144 will be replaced with the WA 70/720.

Compound

At all events the qualifying round for compound is the WA50/720 round, which is 72 arrows at 50m on an 80cm (6 zone scoring) target face.

Individual Elimination and Final rounds

From the individual event, scores shot during the qualification round are ranked highest to lowest in each division. For World Target and Youth Championships, the "cut" is 128th place, but for other target events, it may be 64th or 32nd place. For Indoor, it is always 32nd place. If there are less than the required number of competitors for the cut, archers may be initially issued with a Bye.

For the team event, the total score of the three archers competing for a country are added together and the total score is used to ranked the team. The top 16 men and 16 women are selected to advance to the Matchplay Elimination rounds and ultimately the finals. For Olympic Games, only 12 teams (men and women) are selected.

The same process is followed for the mixed team event, with the scores of the top man and top woman from each country being added together. The top 8 mixed teams (one male and one female) are then ranked for the Mixed Team Matchplay Eliminations.

For all Matchplay, competitors are ranked using a Pairing Chart, which has the highest ranked archers initially matched against the lowest ranked, second highest against second lowest and so on.

The pairing chart lists the progression through the tournament with the winners of each match progressing from match to match through the competition.

At all stages for the Matchplay (individual and teams) recurve shoot at 70m on a 122 cm target face (60m for Cadet) and for compound 50m on an 80 cm 6-zone target face.

Team Competition

During team competition all members of a team must be of the same gender, same bow division and from the same country. For the recurve teams event, the target is 122 cm at 70m. For the compound teams event, the target face is 80 cm (6-zone scoring) at 50m.

One match consists of 24 arrows: 4 ends of 6 arrows per end. Each team member shoots 2 arrows per end (2 arrows x 3 archers x 4 ends = 24 arrows). All 3 archers on a team will be required to finish shooting before the prescribed time limit (120 seconds).

The archers in a team may shoot in any sequence, but may shoot only 1 arrow each time they are on the shooting line during the alternating competition.

Mixed Team Competition

During mixed team competition, there is one male and one female team member using the same bow division and from the same country. For the recurve teams event, the target is 122 cm at 70m. For the compound teams event, the target face is 80 cm (6-zone scoring) at 50m.

One match consists of 16 arrows: 4 ends of 4 arrows per end. Each team member shoots 2 arrows per end (2 arrows x 2 archers x 4 ends = 16 arrows). Both archers in a team will be required to finish shooting before the prescribed time limit (80 seconds).

The archers in a team may shoot in any sequence, but may shoot only 1 arrow each time they are on the shooting line during the alternating competition.

How Are Matches Conducted?

Eliminations

For all events except for Olympic Games, elimination matches are generally conducted “all together”; i.e. all competitors shoot at the same time. Generally the two-paired archers shoot on the same target and shoot together. They shoot 3 arrows each and the timing is 120 seconds.

For Olympic Games, each match is generally conducted as alternating shooting and each match is shot separately, having only two archers on the field at one time. The timing for alternate shooting is 20 seconds per arrow.

In most competition, alternating shooting does not happen until the finals (semi-finals and medal matches).

Finals

The eight winning archers go on to the semi-finals. Generally each athlete will shoot on a separate target.

Finals matches are generally conducted as alternating shooting on each arrow. Each archer will have up to 20 seconds to shoot one arrow.

The final rounds start with the semi-final competition. The losers of the semi-finals shoot for the bronze medal and the winners for the gold (and silver) medals.  

How are matches scored?

Individual Recurve

Individual recurve matches are shot in 3-arrow sets and the match has a maximum of 5 sets. To score each set, the 3 arrows are added together and the archer with the highest score wins that set and is awarded 2 points for the win. If the scores are tied, the set is tied and each archer receives 1 point.

The first archer to 6 points wins the match.

So a match could be completed in 3 sets, which is a straight sets win or, it could go to 5 sets before there is a winner. If there is no clear winner after 5 sets and the scores are tied after 5 sets a single arrow shoot-off is used to break the tie. For a single arrow shoot-off, each archer shoots one arrow and the archer with the highest score will win the match or, if the same score is shot by both archers, the archer with the arrow closest to the centre will win the match.

Individual Compound

Individual compound matches are shot in 3-arrow ends, with a maximum of 5 ends.

Scorning is cumulative (scores for each end are added together) and the archer with the highest score after five ends wins the match.

If the scores are tied after five ends a single arrow shoot-off is required to break the tie. For a single arrow shoot-off, each archer shoots one arrow and the archer with the highest score will win the match or, if the same score is shot by both archers, the archer with the arrow closest to the centre will win the match.

Team Event

Team matches are 4 x 6-arrow ends, 2 arrows from each archer per end. The team with the highest score after four ends wins the match.

If the scores are tied after four ends, a shoot-off ensues. Each archer shoots one arrow and the team with the arrow closest to the centre wins the match.

Mixed Team

Mixed team matches are 4 x 4-arrow ends, 2 arrows from each archer per end. The mixed team with the highest score after four ends wins the match.

If the scores are tied after four ends a shoot-off ensues. For a single arrow shoot-off, each archer shoots one arrow and the archer with the highest score will win the match or, if the same score is shot by both archers, the archer with the arrow closest to the centre will win the match.

Matchplay Results Template

Elimination Matchply

Score Card Templates

Matchplay Set System

Matchplay (Non Set System) Accumulative

Matchplay Team

Matchplay Mixed Team

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